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Thyroidectomy Specialist

Family Ear, Nose & Throat, LLC. -  - Otolaryngologist

Family Ear, Nose & Throat, LLC.

Otolaryngologists & Audiologists located in Kittery, ME & Stratham, NH

If you have a hyperactive thyroid gland or goiter that fails to respond to medication, you may need a thyroidectomy to treat the problem. The experienced surgeons at Family Ear, Nose & Throat, LLC. have years of experience performing thyroidectomies, restoring health, and helping prevent future problems. To schedule an appointment, call the office in Kittery, Maine, or Stratham, New Hampshire, or use the online booking feature today.

Thyroidectomy Q & A

What is a thyroidectomy?

A thyroidectomy is a surgical procedure to remove part or all of your thyroid gland. Located in the front of your neck below the Adam’s apple, the thyroid gland produces hormones that control nearly every essential body function. For example, thyroid hormones regulate your metabolism, heart rate, body temperature, breathing, and muscle mass.

When might I need a thyroidectomy?

You may need a thyroidectomy to treat the following conditions:


When you have hyperthyroidism, the gland is overactive and produces an excessive amount of thyroid hormones. As a result, you develop symptoms such as:

  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Nervousness and irritability
  • Tremors
  • Sweating
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Insomnia
  • Skin thinning

Hyperthyroidism can also make the thyroid gland enlarge, causing a goiter.


A goiter or enlarged thyroid gland can get large enough to create an uncomfortable lump at the base of your neck. Large goiters can interfere with swallowing and breathing. You may also develop a cough or hoarseness.

Thyroid nodules

Thyroid nodules develop as a mass of tissue grows in the thyroid gland. The growths are usually benign, but they can turn into toxic nodules if they actively produce thyroid hormones. If one or more nodules enlarge, the condition is called a nodular goiter.

Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer affects men and women, but women are three times more likely to have the disease, and it’s the seventh most common cancer in women. 

What happens during a thyroidectomy?

The butterfly-shaped thyroid gland has two lobes (like butterfly wings) connected by a narrow piece of tissue called the isthmus. During a thyroidectomy, your provider at Family, Ear, Nose & Throat, LLC. may remove one lobe, part of a lobe, the lobe along with the isthmus, or the entire gland.

The extent of your surgery depends on the underlying problem. If you have thyroid cancer, however, they remove the entire lobe. 

Your provider may reach the thyroid gland the traditional way, which is through an incision in the center of your neck. In some cases, they may reach the gland through an incision in your mouth or using a tiny incision in your neck that accommodates an endoscopic procedure.

If you have symptoms of a thyroid problem or questions about a thyroidectomy, call Family Ear, Nose & Throat, LLC., or request an appointment online today.